10/6/10

8 Canning 101: Applesauce


The canning season is well underway.  Tomatoes, peaches and pears and  currently, grape juice is next on my list, as they are ready~

My apples were ready late last November and I made applesauce with my Red Delicious and Golden Delicious apples.

First, wash, core and quarter apples.  If you don't have a food mill, peel your apples.

Put them in a large stockpot with just enough water on the bottom of the pot to prevent sticking.  Cook until softened; only a couple of minutes.

Put steamed apples into a food mill or processor.  This food mill is similar to the one pictured here, which separates the skins from the fruit.


Return apple pulp to a stockpot, and add sugar to taste (1/4 c. per pound).

I prefer to bottle my sauce without sugar.

During the last five minutes of cooking, you can add cinnamon, nutmeg or allspice.

I prefer to keep mine plain.

The Blue Ball Book of canning says to bring your applesauce to a boil (212ºF), stirring to prevent sticking.

This started bubbling at 160ºF like the lava pots at Yellowstone, giving me three minor burns on my hands while stirring it.  I could NOT get it above 201ºF and gave up trying to reach 212ºF.

I emailed an extension specialist and this is what he has to say:


The boiling point of water at 4000-5000 ft is 204F.  It will never go higher.  The key to hot packing is “hot”.  It doesn’t have to be boiling hot.  Just heat applesauce until hot.  Check out the USDA recipe here: http://www.uga.edu/nchfp/how/can_02/applesauce.html.  Note it doesn’t say boiling.


 Ladle hot sauce into hot jars, leaving 1/2" headspace.
(wash bottles in dishwasher and keep hot until ready)

Remove air bubbles by sticking a plastic knife into the sauce and running it around.

Clean the top of jar with a clean, damp paper towel,


and put a lid and ring on it.


I love this canning wand with a magnet on the end!

Screw a ring on finger-tip tight; firm and snug, not superhuman tight!
Process pints and quarts in a boiling water bath canner for 20 minutes. (I processed for 30 min. for 5,000 feet)


At 1,000-3,000 feet altitude, add 5 min. to this time.
     3,000-6,000 feet altitude, add 10 min.
     6,000-8,000 feet altitude, add 15 min.
     8,000-10,000 feet altitude, add 20 min.




Gently remove processed jars onto a towel covered heat proof surface to cool completely, 12-24 hours.


Listen to the jars *ping* as they seal ~ the sounds of success!




Thick applesauce...perfect for eating straight out of the jar or for baking.  Think Applesauce Chocolate Chip Cookies ~












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