12/27/16

0 Simply Ham & Bean Soup: Pressure Cooker & Slow Cooker


When I introduced pressure cooking to a friend of mine, she wanted to make a ham and bean soup. Not just any ham and bean soup, but one her mother made when she was a little girl.

I got a hold of her mom and she seemed shocked that I asked for the recipe.

"Put a ham hock (bone) in the slow cooker, add water, and beans."

"That's it?"

"Yep, that's it."

"What kind of beans?"

"I don't know....any kind of white beans...."

I knew there had to be more to it than that, so I scoured the Internet, my pressure cooker books for recipes and ended up with this very simple (and fast, if you use the pressure cooker) soup.

I used one pound of Great Northern beans, although you can use any of the following:
Cannellini, flageolets, white kidney, tepary or navy beans.
The smaller, Great Northern beans provide a tender, buttery taste to this soup.

You will need to pick through your dry beans, taking out any broken beans, small stones or shriveled up beans. I only found about 20 or so in my pile of beans.


Rinse your beans well, using a colander or strainer. Drain.



To Soak or Not to Soak? - Totally up to you, a personal preference!
Soaking the beans can cut the cooking time in half.
Soaking can help make the beans easier to digest for some people.
Improved texture and flavor with the quick soak vs overnight soak.
No soaking can have a deeper flavor, be firmer to the bite, and keep their shape while cooking. 

Bean Cooking Tips:
As a general rule, the older and drier the beans, the longer they'll take to cook. Use beans within 6 months of purchase for best results.
Add 1 tablespoon of oil or butter to prevent foaming or to prevent a loose bean skin from blocking the vent.
Do not fill the pressure cooker more than half full.
Adding too much salt can slow down the cooking time, so don't add more than what the recipe calls for. Salt can help tenderize the beans. 
Always use a full natural release. Wait for the pin to drop before opening the cooker.
If you are cooking your beans in an acidic (tomato based) broth, soak your beans and cut the cooking time in half. Unsoaked beans don't become tender if cooked in an acidic broth. 
Cook beans, drain, cool and freeze in 1 1/2 cup portions for recipes that call for a 15 ounce can of beans. 

----------------------------------
Cover with 8 cups of water and stir in 1 1/2 teaspoons of sea salt or 1 tablespoon of coarse kosher salt. 

You can do one of the following:

1. Let your beans soak overnight, at least 8 hours -or-
2. Quick Pressure Soak your beans in the pressure cooker. Cook for 3 minutes at high pressure and do a full natural release. This will take about 45 min.
3. Forgo the bean soak and do a longer cook time, 25-30 minutes. 


I chose to do a Quick Pressure Soak. Next time, I will put the rinsed beans in dry (unsoaked) and cook for 25-30 minutes.

Drain and rinse the beans.

Here are my 'quick soaked' beans...


Using Saute Low, melt the butter and saute the onions for about 3-4 minutes.
Add the minced garlic, and cook till aromatic, about 2 minutes.

I had a leftover ham bone from a spiral cut ham. Add the ham bone (or ham hocks), about a pound of ham pieces, rinsed beans, salt, and pour 8 cups of water over everything.

Cook using High pressure for 12 minutes, with a full natural release, about 20-30 minutes.
You do NOT want to use a quick release. If you do, you may get beany soup spewing from the pressure valve, with split and mushy beans. Letting it naturally release completely is much better.

Open the pressure cooker, remove the ham bone using a pair of tongs, into a bowl.



Using a ladle, scoop about 2 cups of cooked beans into another bowl. Use an immersion blender or stand blender to puree the beans and put back into the soup. This will help create some thickness to the soup.


Remove some of the larger pieces of ham, cut them up and return to the pot of soup. I love using kitchen scissors for this job, as I don't have to wait for the meat to cool. 


Salt & pepper to taste. 
I gave this soup and the recipe to my friend as a Christmas present.

She loved the soup ~ it didn't last long and now she has the recipe to make it any time she wants. 



Enjoy!

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Ham & Bean Soup 
Ingredients
1 pound (about 2 cups) of Great Northern Beans, picked through and rinsed
1 1/2 teaspoons of sea salt (or table salt or 1 tablespoon of coarse kosher salt)
8 cups of water (omit if you are not soaking your beans)

2 Tablespoons of butter
1 1/2 cups of chopped onion (1 large onion)
2 cloves of garlic, pressed or diced
1 teaspoon of sea salt or 1/2 teaspoon of coarse kosher salt
1 ham bone + 1 lb of ham or use about 1 lb of ham hocks
8 cups of water
salt and pepper to taste

Directions
Sort the beans, removing any broken, split, or rocks. Rinse the beans, cover with water and stir in salt. Choose an overnight soak or quick pressure cooker soak.
     1. overnight for 8 hours
     2. Pressure cook on High for 3 minutes, allow to fully naturally release (about 30 min)
     3. Add beans unsoaked - use a 25-30 min cook time as noted below.
Drain and rinse the beans.
In the pressure cooker, select saute and melt the butter.
Add chopped onions, cook for 3-4 minutes.
Add minced garlic, saute till aromatic, about 1 minute.
Put ham bone & ham into the pressure cooker.
Add rinsed beans and 8 cups of water.
Pressure cook on High for 12 minutes, with a full natural release (about 30 minutes).
    Unsoaked beans: use 25-30 minutes, high pressure, and natural release.
Remove ham bone from soup and remove any ham left on the bone.
Remove large pieces of ham and cut into bite sized pieces.
Remove about 2 cups of beans and puree using an immersion blender or stand blender.
Put cut up ham and pureed beans back into the soup.
Salt and pepper to taste.

Variations:
1 cup chopped carrots
1/2 celery stalk, chopped
1-14oz can diced tomatoes (us in place of 1 3/4 cup of water)
Bay leaves
Garnish with parsley or add a dash of hot sauce.

Enjoy!
Slow cooker: Put all ingredients (rinsed beans, salt, butter, onion, garlic and 8 cups water) into slow cooker. Select low for 8 hours.  At the end of cooking, remove the ham bone and proceed as directed in the above recipe.



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